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Improving the Ability to Write Fantasy Stories and Motivation of Junior High School Students in Writing Fantasy Stories by Using the Discovery Learning Method
This study has four purposes and the first determines the improved ability of junior high school students to write fantasy stories, while the second observes their learning motivation. The third purpose was to identify the relationship between these two aspects, while the fourth observed the difficulties experienced in composing these stories. All the assessments employed discovery learning, which was assisted by animated film media and compared with conventional methods. Meanwhile, the study used a quasi-experimental method with a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. The population comprised seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri in Purwakarta for the 2019/2020 school year. Furthermore, the samples were taken from random subjects, while the instrument included a test, which evaluated the ability to write fantasy stories, and a non-test, which was a student learning motivation questionnaire. The conclusion was based on the research results and data analysis of the two-gain difference tests and n-gain. It revealed that the ability of junior high school students to write fantasy stories using discovery learning methods assisted by animation film media was better than with conventional methods. Also, the motivation that employed the discovery of learning assisted by animated film media was more enhanced than conventional methods. Therefore, a positive relationship exists between learning motivation and writing fantasy stories for these students. The difficulties experienced when writing these stories concerned the knowledge aspect and entailed answering questions about the purpose and summarizing the contents of the narrative text.
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